Historical review

In the 6th century BC Denia (Alicante) was already producing wine, specifically in the Alt of Benimaquia there is one of the oldest towns and wineries in Europe. Its strategic location in the Western Mediterranean, a place of transit and encounters, became a key element in the development of Alicante wines. Possibly, it was the Phoenicians who introduced the vine to the province. Later, the Romans were great cultivators.

The archaeological remains, especially in the Marquesado area, confirm the presence of wine amphorae and large “Villae”, destined to vine farming, and there have even been remains of a factory of amphorae of this type.

Viticulture was so important for the families of Alicante that in 1510 Fernando el Católico prohibited the marketing of wines from other lands through the port of Alicante.

And it is from 1834 when the commercialization of wines from other areas of Spain through the port of the Alicante capital is completely liberalized.

The 19th century became the golden age of Alicante wine production. The oidium first and the phylloxera later devastate the French vineyards and a preferential trade agreement is signed with this country that represents an incredible boom for the wines of Alicante. Practically all the towns had vineyards, and the first oenological station in Spain was created in Cocentaina (Alicante).

In the 20th century, Alicante viticulture entered a recession as the province’s production model changed, opting for other more profitable crops. However, in 1932 the “Alicante Denomination of Origin” was created and the wines were consolidated.


In the province of Alicante, the influence of the Mediterranean Sea is very characteristic, whose sea breezes circulate through the mountainous corridors that have created the Carrascal de la Font Roja Natural Park and the Protected Landscape of the Sierra del Maigmó that provide greater freshness to the leaf surface.

In the Alicante region there are two areas with very different climates and soils: The Mediterranean coast whose sea breezes exert a great influence on the vineyards of coastal municipalities. And another inland area in the Alto Vinalopó region, with altitudes of more than 600 meters above sea level, where the sea breezes also arrive with great influence through the natural mountain corridors. In this area of Alicante pre-plateau, we find adult vineyards on soils with a high presence of calcareous edges, crust, stones and sand.

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